that - those

that - those
That and those are used in a number of different ways when you are referring to people, things, events, or periods of time. They can both be used as determiners or pronouns. Those is the plural form of that.
\
referring back
You can use that or those to refer to people, things, or events which have already been mentioned or which are already known about.

I knew that meeting would be difficult.

`Did you see him?'—`No.'—`That's a pity.'

Not all crimes are committed for those reasons.

One problem is you're going to get oxides of nitrogen, but one can remove those, I think.

\
things you can see
You can also use that or those to refer to people or things that you can see but that are not close to you.

Look at that bird!

That's a strong piece of furniture.

Don't be afraid of those people.

I'll put those in the cupboard.

\
'that' used to refer to a person
However, you do not usually use that as a pronoun to refer to a person. You only use it when you are identifying someone or asking about their identity.

`Who's the woman with the handkerchief?' —-`That's my wife.'

Who's that?

\
For information on the way people use that when telephoning, see entry at ↑ Telephoning.
\
saying when something happened
When you have been describing an event, you can use that with a word like `day', `morning', or `afternoon' to indicate that something else happened during the same day.

There were no services that day, and the church was empty.

Paula had been shopping in Sapele that morning.

\
You can also use that with `week', `month', or `year' to indicate that something happened during the same week, month, or year.

There was a lot of extra work to do that week.

Later that month 11,000 attended another party at Maidenhead.

\
talking about a part of something
When you are talking about a particular part of a place or thing, you can use that instead of `the' in front of words like `part'. This is a rather formal use.

...that part of the world which forms the immediate environment.

\
Similarly, you can use those instead of `the' in front of a plural noun to talk about a group of people or things which is part of a larger group.

Students should write off to those bodies which provide awards.

...those firms with the most progressive policies.

\
Those can be used in a similar way as a pronoun.

Many were finding it difficult to make ends meet, especially those with young children.

\
'this' and 'these'
This and these are used in some similar ways to that and those. For an explanation of the differences, see entry at ↑ this - that.
\

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Those firmly rooted in knowledge — is a reaccuring theme in the Qur an and Sunnah. This term is of special interest for the Shi a.Qur anThe term and its like is used in Aale Imran, 7 and Quran usc|4|162.unni viewSunni view that those firmly rooted in knowledge are the body of… …   Wikipedia

  • That Thing You Do! — Theatrical release poster Directed by Tom Hanks Produced by …   Wikipedia

  • those who play at bowls must look out for rubbers — Rubber is apparently an alteration of rub, an obstacle or impediment to the course of a bowl. Cf. 1595 SHAKESPEARE Richard II III. iv. 4 Madam, we’ll play at bowls. ’Twill make me think the world is full of rubs. 1762 SMOLLETT Sir Launcelot… …   Proverbs new dictionary

  • that — [ ðæt ] function word *** That can be used in the following ways: as a determiner (followed by a noun): Give me that hammer. as a demonstrative pronoun (without a following noun): Who gave you that? as a conjunction (connecting two clauses): I… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Those We Don't Speak Of — are fictional characters in M. Night Shyamalan s 2004 film The Village . They are (seemingly) red cloaked, piglike monsters who haunt the woods outside the titular town in which the protagonists live. The creatures lie at the very core of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Those Websters — was a radio situation comedy series starring Willard Waterman and Constance Crowder as George and Jane Webster. The program was launched in New York and then moved to Chicago for a short spell before finishing its run from Hollywood.The series… …   Wikipedia

  • Those Who Trespass — Those Who Trespass: A Novel of Television and Murder (ISBN 0 7679 1381 7) is a 1998 novel by US television personality Bill O Reilly. The story focuses on the revenge a television journalist exacts on network staff after disputes very similar to… …   Wikipedia

  • that — [that] pron. pl. those [ME < OE thæt, nom. & acc. neut. of the def. article (nom. masc. se, nom. fem. seo), akin to Ger neut. nom. & acc. das < IE demonstrative base * to , * tā > THERE, THITHER, L istud, that, talis, such] I as a… …   English World dictionary

  • Those Nervous Animals — is an Irish rock band formed in Sligo in 1981.HistoryAlthough the group disbanded in 1988, since 1994 they perform together regularly on a part time basis. The band s original songs are a mixture of funky, radio friendly pop tunes, and a… …   Wikipedia

  • those were the days — Those times were the best • • • Main Entry: ↑day * * * those were the days spoken phrase used for saying that a time in the past was better or happier than now Thesaurus: related to history and the pastsynonym periods of history …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”